Filling out a Nandu Format

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In today´s competitive Wushu, athletes are often required to submit their NANDU (degree of difficulty) forms prior competition. This can be frustrating and complicated if the person does not know the rules. Taolus or forms are judged from 1 to 10 where the highest score possible is a 10. There are 3 diferent panles of judges; A, B, C. Panel A judges the quality of movements. The Panel B judges the overall performance. And lastly, Panel C judges the NANDU (degree of difficulty).  Today we will focus on filling out the required NANDU needed in modern Taolu.

There is a possibility of 2.0 which is divided into 2 subsections; 1.4 points for the degree of difficulty and 0.6 points for the connections. The way I think about it is, 0.6 points for the landings and 1.4 for all the jumps (regardless if they have landings or not). For this article you will be provided with two tables from the IWUF 2004 Tao lu Bylaws. First table is Movement Difficulties and Value in optional events, with the degree of difficulty for all the jumps. The second table is the Difficulty of Transitions; these are all the connecting moves preceding the movement of difficulty (jumps).

Degree of Movement Difficulties and Value

[tabs tab1=”CQ, JS, DS, QS and GS” tab2=”NQ, ND and NG” tab3=”TQ and TJ”]

[tab id=1]tablecodes01[/tab]
[tab id=2]tablecodes02[/tab]
[tab id=3]tablecodes03[/tab]


Degree of Difficulty for Transitions and Value

[tabs tab1=”CQ, JS, DS, QS and GS” tab2=”NQ, ND and NG” tab3=”TQ and TJ”]

[tab id=1]tablecodes04[/tab]
[tab id=2]tablecodes06[/tab]
[tab id=3]tablecodes05[/tab]


From the table above we can get the scoring for each movement. All degree A difficulty movements are awarded 0.2 points. All degree B difficulty movements are awarded 0.3 points. All degree A transitions (connecting moves) A are awarded 0.1 points. And, all degree B transitions (connecting moves) are awarded 0.15 points. Notice that for International competitions there are no degree C movements awarded, so no 720s degree movements are allowed. Although some athletes still perform these, you have to write them down as a degree B jump instead of degree C.



Now that you have those tables and know the points awarded for each movement, you can write your own Nandu into a small table for easy transition. The table 1.1 is Jia Rui´s form from the 12th World Wushu Chamipionships. We are also providing a video below with the  NANDU as it happens. Please look at these two for clarification and understanding of the nandu.

[youtube id=”3ihCx1ClU7w” width=”600″ height=”375″]


*The total points for this nandu are reduced from 0.2 to 0.1. This should be marked in parenthesis and it is only allowed to do for the last difficulty of movement or connection. In this case was done for the cekongfan.

As we can see we get a total of 0.6 for connections (landings) and 1.4 for the degree of difficulty. Notice that the actual total points of the cekongfan was reduced from 0.2 to 0.1 this is often done to the last difficulty of movement (jump) in order to obtain a total of 1.4 points. Sometimes is also done to the last connection. If doing this, a parenthesis should be around the degree of difficulty as seen in the nandu table.

 STEP 2.

Using the past table for Jia Rui´s form and Tables 2 and 3 for the codes and table 1 for points awarded. At 13 seconds we have Teng kong bailian 540+ Mabu, because a 540 is degree B, we get 0.3 (TKBL 540) for difficulty and 0.15 for connections (mabu).

Using the first tables we get our codes which are 324B + 1. Then write these codes under segment (or section) 1 on the assessment form. At 18 seconds we have Xuan feng jiao 360 + dieshucha, and we get 323A + 4 with 0.2 points for the difficulty of movement and 0.1 for the landing or connection. We write these under the format below. Following this, we have at 37 seconds teng kong fei jiao + ce kong fan. We get 312A + 335A which gives us 0.2 for each movement and 0.15 for the connection. At 39 seconds Jia Rui performs a Xuan Feng jiao to Mabu which gives us 323A + 1, 0.2 for difficulty of jumps and 0.1 for the connection. At 43 seconds we have Teng kong bailian + mabu, 324A + 1, which gives us 0.2 for the difficulty and 0.1 for the connection. Lastly, we have the ce kong fan (1:17), and because he already has 1.3 of difficulty, this nandu is reduced to (0.1) in order to obtain the full 1.4 points for the degree of difficulty. In total we have 1.4 of degree of difficulty and 0.6 for the connecting movements.

[button color=”black” link=”http://1drv.ms/1guqApT” target=”new window”]Download tab[/button]


Now days there is a software form used for all international and world events. Most of the nationals and regional events however, still require for the forms to be done by hand. This article does not intend to replace professional advice from a judge, but was an interpretation of how I as an athlete fill out my formats. If you still have questions please contact us. Good luck and JIAYO!


  • Shi Miao Xíng

    Hey there. First of all thanks for the article, it might help loads of athletes out there!!

    i have a question. I always thought that combos of 2 degree A movements
    in a combo turn into a degree B movments and get 0.3 point for both
    movements instead of 2 times 0.2 points. Lets take JiaRui’s combo as an

    At min 0.35 he does an Tenkongfeijiao+cekongfan, both degree A movements.

    say he gets 0.3 for both jumps combined+0.15bonus for the connection.
    In this case he ends up with a total of 0.45 for those two jumps.

    Lets do the math now.

    1. Bailian 540 Mabu = 0.45

    2.XFJ 360 dieshucha = 0.3

    3. tenkongfeijiao+cekongfan = 0.45

    4. XFJ 360 Mabu = 0.3

    5. Bailian 360 Mabu = 0.3

    6. Cekongfan = 0.2

    Total: 2 Points in total

    At least thats what i thought.

    he has a balance move inside his routine. I’ve got some other Nandu
    Form where this is listed as a degree B or something. This list is from
    the official website of the IWUF. I thought this would count as well.



    • Samuel Montalvo

      Hi Shi Miao Xíng,

      Regarding your statement,
      ¨combos of 2 degree A movements in a combo turn into a degree B movments and get 0.3 point for both movements instead of 2 times 0.2 points.¨

      No, they are still degree A movements. Rather, you get 0.15 for connecting those moves. Therefore, we get 312A (0.2) + (0.15) and 335A (0.2). See picture below. And Please see the complete sheet under ¨Download tab¨in the same article.

      And regarding to your last statement about koutuipingheng (balance) being a nandu. As far as I am concern it is not a nandu anymore but a regulatory (mandatory) movement for Changquan and jianshu. It also depends on the country or organization if they enforce this rule or not.

      Please if you have more questions do not hesitate to ask! T


      -Sam Montalvo

      • Shi Miao Xíng

        Thx for the fast reply. This helps a lot!

        • Samuel Montalvo

          You´re Welcome my friend! Jiayo!

  • Guest

    Thx for the fast answer, this might help a lot.

  • Ryan Tang

    Hi Samuel,

    Regarding C degree nandu, you said that “you have to write them down as B degree jumps.” Correct me if I’m wrong, but you are still able to write them down as C (and D) degree movements/transitions, but you are only allowed to score B level points.

    This would allow athletes like Wang Xi to do the combos he did at the 12th WWC, but still make full nandu score.


    • Samuel Montalvo

      Hi Ryan,

      As far as I know you are only allowed to score B points in international competitions on both; degree of difficulty or connective movements. Maybe there is a new rule for this that was implemented this year at worlds (combat games and world games in cali) in which C/D nandu levels are allowed, but to be completely honest I´m unaware of this rule or how this happen.

      Either way, sorry for not being able to clarify your question! Maybe someone with more experience like a certified judge could comment on this…..

      Thanks for your comment Ryan!

      • Ryan Tang

        Maybe I should clarify:

        You can physically WRITE them down as C and D level movements (it is necessary for people like Wang Xi), but you can only SCORE them as B level scores (0.3 and 0.15 for movement and transition, respectively).

        It is probably just an issue with the way you worded it; I’m sure you actually know what I’m talking about 🙂

        • Randy Fernandez

          Yeah Ryan’s got it right. It’s not that you can only do a XFJ720 if you write it down as a XFJ540 that you happen to overrotate.

          You could do a XFJ720 mabu write it down as such but get B grade points for it and then do a XFJ540 ma bu and get B grade points for that as well. Which you couldn’t do (repeat same move with same transition) if you had to write them both down as a 540.

          Also some of the C transitions don’t exist on a B level if you had to write them as B you wouldn’t get them at all. Wang Xi’s world’s form reduced to B jumps doesn’t give him 2.0